Exploring Three Different Types of Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO) Models to Find the Ideal Fit

Exploring Three Different Types of Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO) Models to Find the Ideal Fit


Success in business is all about people. Whatever industry a company is in, its employees are its biggest competitive advantage as quoted by Richard Branson. As companies strive to attract top talent, Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO) has emerged as a strategic solution designed for large-scale organizations seeking to revolutionize their approach to hiring and talent management.

According to a survey conducted by the Recruitment Process Outsourcing Association, companies that use RPO experience an average improvement of 14% in time-to-fill positions and a 16% reduction in recruitment costs.

What is the RPO model in recruitment?

The RPO model integrates key components essential for optimizing recruitment processes.

  • RPO providers bring Talent Acquisition Expertise. Their recruiters are proficient in sourcing, screening, and assessing candidates. They understand the talent market and identify and attract top candidates.
  • Technology Integration is a hallmark of RPO, incorporating advanced tools like ATS, AI, and data analytics to enhance efficiency and streamline workflows.
  • Scalability offers organizations the flexibility to adjust outsourcing levels based on fluctuating staffing needs.
  • Customization allows RPO solutions to be tailored, whether for end-to-end services, project-based support, or specific aspects of the hiring process, aligning with unique organizational goals.
  • Cost Efficiency is realized through optimized processes, reduced time-to-fill, and performance-based costing.

What are RPO models?

On-demand RPO

On-demand RPO offers a flexible, scalable solution tailored to the specific needs of the client. This model allows organizations to access recruitment services on a variable basis, adjusting resources based on fluctuating hiring demands. It provides a cost-effective solution without compromising on the quality of talent acquisition. It is well-suited for businesses with fluctuating hiring demands, providing the agility to scale resources up or down based on requirements

Example: A healthcare organization may need additional staff during peak patient demand. It can benefit from On-Demand RPO. The provider would step in during high-demand periods, ensuring a rapid response to the evolving staffing needs.

Project-based RPO

Project-based RPO is a more focused approach. The outsourcing provider takes charge of specific recruitment projects or campaigns. This model is ideal for organizations facing a sudden surge in hiring demands or those seeking to augment their internal recruitment team for short-term initiatives without committing to a long-term outsourcing arrangement.

Example: An IT company planning to launch a new line of products, needs a specialized team for marketing and sales. Opting for a Project-Based RPO would allow them to quickly assemble a dedicated recruitment team to identify and onboard the right talent for this specific project.

Enterprise RPO

Enterprise RPO is a comprehensive outsourcing model tailored to the unique needs and complexities of large organizations. It involves partnering with a specialized service provider to handle various aspects of the recruitment process, from sourcing and screening to onboarding. Unlike traditional recruitment models, Enterprise RPO goes beyond mere transactional hiring, aiming to create a strategic and sustainable talent acquisition framework.

Example: ManpowerGroup handled RPO for India's largest pharmaceutical companies. They faced challenges such as managing a mature brand portfolio within a Contract Sales Outsourcing model. The solution involved implementing a Talent Based Outsourcing model, integrating a People-Process-Technology framework to enhance operational scalability, and enforcing industry best practices for cost-effective portfolio management. The results were noteworthy, with successful penetration into tier 2 & 3 markets, engaging 68,000 retailers nationwide, and a significant boost in annual sales.

Comparison and Evaluation of the RPO model

Aspect On-Demand RPO Project-Based RPO Enterprise RPO
Scope and Flexibility Flexibility to engage as needed, suitable for fluctuating hiring demands Geared towards specific projects, provides temporary support Designed for large organizations with ongoing and diverse recruitment needs
Technology Integration Technology integration varies and focuses on streamlining processes Utilizes technology for efficiency, project-specific integration Emphasizes advanced technology integration for large-scale recruitment
Global Reach Global reach depends on provider capabilities Global reach varies based on provider capabilities Well-suited for organizations with a global footprint, often possessing global recruitment expertise
Scalability Allows for easy scalability, adjusts resources based on changing needs Provides scalability for specific projects Offers scalability to adapt to the size and complexity of large organizations
Cost Efficiency Cost-effective, match costs to specific hiring needs Enables cost control for specific projects Achieves cost efficiency through optimized processes and economies of scale

To conclude, Richard Branson’s words Your company's most valuable asset is how it is known to its customers. It is the people that shape this perception, making the exploration of diverse RPO models a strategic imperative for companies aiming to build a workforce that propels them toward sustained success.

ManpowerGroup solidifies its presence in the global RPO sector with regional centers in Asia Pacific, Latin America, North America, and the Middle East. Their experienced teams provide scalable and flexible recruitment solutions, offering clients a seamless and professional experience. Connect with us to learn about our RPO solutions.

Communications Team
The communications team at ManpowerGroup publishes incisive blogs, articles, and white papers that are deeply rooted in the developments of the world of work. If there is a topic you would want us to address, please contact us at [email protected].
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